Planując podróż do Indii, na Bombaj położyłem się tylko na jeden dzień: wieczorem przyleciałem z Goa, a wieczorem następnego poleciałem z Bombaju do Kalkuty. Szczyt pory deszczowej przypada na okres od lipca do września. Udaje się obniżyć cenę prawie o połowę.
Background[ edit ] Ships in Mumbai Harbour.
Mumbai grew into a leading commercial center of India during the 19th century Main article: History of Mumbai under British rule The Seven Islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of the Marathi Speaking Kolis and Aagris for Decades. The islands came under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese and subsequently to the British East India Company.
During the midth century, Mumbai was reshaped by the British with large-scale civil engineering projectsand emerged as a significant trading town.
The city was, first and foremost, built and developed by an Britishers Then Migrants From Gujarat Came For industrial Strategie handlowe LOTOS sa ograniczone commercial bourgeoisie consisting of ParsisGujarati Hindus, Muslims communities earning their wealth on the extensive Arabian trade.
The expanding labour force in Mumbai was initially drawn from the coastal belt of Konkansouth of the city.
Main articles: Bombay Presidency and Bombay State George Fernandes emerged as a key figure in the Bombay labour movement in the early s After India's independence from British rule on 15 Augustthe territory of Bombay Presidency retained by India after the partition was restructured into Bombay State.
The area of Bombay State increased, after several erstwhile princely states that joined the Indian union were integrated into Bombay State.
Alstom dostarczy system sygnalizacji dla III linii metra w Bombaju
It was converted into a township inand named Ulhasnagar by the then Governor-General of India, C. From the late s, policies were introduced to curb the expansion of mills and to encourage increased production from the handloom and powerloom sectors, because of their employment generating capacities.
He was a central figure in Systemy handlowe Corporation w Bombaju unionisation of sections of Bombay labour in the s. This enabled the industry to embark on technological innovations and to establish effective systems for nationwide distributions.
The enormous growth in spectatorship and cinema halls throughout the country soon established Bombay cinema as the dominant Indian film Transakcje opcji udostepniania wiki. It spanned an area of The Hutatma Chowk memorial with the Flora Fountain, on its left in the background The desire to domesticate a Marathi social and linguistic Mumbai to a cosmopolitan framework was strongly expressed in the s.
Consequently, the Samyukta Maharashtra Parishad United Maharashtra Conference was formed on 28 Septemberto unite all Marathi-speaking territories into a single political unit.
However, the States Reorganisation Committee in its report to the Indian Government inrecommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra — Gujarat with Mumbai as its capital.
The Maharashtrians wanted Mumbai as a part of Maharashtra, since it had majority of Marathi speakers.
Bombaj w Indiach. Mumbaj czy Bombaj? Trudny wybór
Patil a pro Gujarati lobby Political Leader, a Congress Member of Parliament MP from Mumbai, demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state, laying stress on his Anti Marathi character. Thousands of angry protesters converged at Hutatma Chowk with a view to march peacefully towards the Council Hall, where the State Legislature was in session. On 16 JanuaryJawaharlal Nehruthe first Prime Minister of Indiaannounced the government's decision to create separate states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, but put Mumbai City under central administration.
Large demonstrations, mass meetings and riots soon followed.
History of Bombay in independent India
The Mumbai Police dissolved the mass meetings and arrested several of the movement's leaders. During 16 January—22 January, police fired at demonstrators protesting the arrests, in which more than 80 people were killed. It caused a great political stir and, led to the establishment of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti United Maharashtra Committee on 6 February The Congress could secure only 32 seats out of in Maharashtra, obtaining a bare majority of 13 out of 24 in Greater Mumbai The Congress suffered the same fate in Gujarat, winning only 57 out of 89 seats.
Chavan managed in convincing Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhiwho was elected President of the Indian National Congress inof the futility of the bilingual Bombay State, which was increasingly jeopardizing Congress prospects in Gujarat and Maharashtra. This was mainly because of the increasing number of migrants competing with them for jobs.
Ina Post-war development committee suggested that areas should be developed on the mainland on the opposite side of the harbour to contain Systemy handlowe Corporation w Bombaju future growth of the city. InN. Modak and Albert Mayer published their plan, stressing on controlled development of the city, suburbs, and its satellite towns like ThaneVasaiand Uran.
Crawford Market opinie, Mumbaj (Bombaj)
Thus, the idea of the creation of Navi Mumbai was Technika opcji handlowych. Around 2 people were killed and 28 were injured. The bomb killed 1 and injured The blast occurred a day after the tenth anniversary of the Mumbai bombings.
The bomb killed 4 people and injured At least 44 people were killed and injured.
No group claimed responsibility for the attack, but it had been hinted that the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Toiba was behind the attacks. The attacks resulted in deaths, injuries, and severe damage to several important buildings. Xavier's College.
There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. By the early morning of 28 November, all sites except for the [Taj Hotel] had been secured by Mumbai Police Department and security forces.
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation building opinie, Mumbaj (Bombaj)
Ajmal Kasab disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, among others. The Government Of India said that the attackers came from Pakistanand their controllers were in Pakistan.
On 7 JanuaryPakistan confirmed the sole surviving perpetrator of the attacks was a Pakistani citizen.